Central African Republic names first Muslim prime minister
The Central African Republic has its first Muslim prime minister.
Mahamat Kamoun, a former special adviser to interim President Catherine Samba-Panza, will lead a transitional government that is seeking to implement a cease-fire signed last month after a year of sectarian violence.
The 53-year-old Kamoun was appointed by presidential decree. He is the first Muslim to serve as prime minister in the CAR since it gained independence from France in 1960. He was director general of the treasury under former president Francois Bozize.
Together with Samba-Panza, who is a Christian, Kamoun faces the difficult task of implementing a delicate political transition aimed at ending the deadly sectarian violence.
The latest unrest began in March 2013, when the mainly Muslim Seleka rebel coalition toppled the government and put Michel Djotodia – the country’s first Muslim president – in power. He stepped down in January under strong international pressure for his failure to rein in rogue ex-rebels involved in murder, rape and looting.
In response to the violence, largely Christian communities formed “anti-balaka” vigilante forces who hunted down Muslims in revenge attacks.
Thousands died and around a quarter of the country’s 4.5 million population were displaced in the conflict.
Representatives of the Seleka coalition and anti-balaka forces signed a tentative cease-fire at talks in neighboring Congo in July. Following the talks, the government of Prime Minister Andre Nzapayeke resigned in a government reshuffle.