Saturday , 18 August 2018

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School of Thoughts

Imam Abu Hanifa & his Biography

How his Teaching are Exploited

The Chain of Occuring in Islam

 

We brought out for the study of our readers as to how the changes occurred at various terms & how the jurisprudence of Abu Hanifa was changed & got corrupted.

In the next issue we brings important points which changed the jurisprudence in each & every act of Wadhu, Salah, Aqeeda & Eman. He started collecting Hadiths around 4000 from Sahabi, Tabayeen, Taba Tabayeen early than 100 Hijri whereas the first Sahi book of Hadith was compiled by Imamam Malik on the letter of Umar Bin Abdul Aziz (Caliph) some where around 99-100 H.

imam Abu Hanifa RA
Abu Hanifa, RA, Islamic scholar, Abū Ḥanīfah RA
Name: Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān with Islamic calligraphy
Born September 5, 702 (80 Hijri)
Kufa, Umayyad Flag.svg Umayyad Caliphate
Died June 14, 772 (aged 69) (150 Hijri)
Baghdad, Black flag.svg Abbasid Caliphate
Ethnicity: Persian
Era under the supervision of the Jafar Al Sadiq the great great great grandson of Muhammad saws
Main Work: Jurisprudence Sunnah
Main interest(s) Jurisprudence
Notable idea(s) Istihsan
Notable work(s) Kitabul-Athar, Fiqh al-Akbar
Influenced by:
Zayd ibn Ali, Ja’far al-Sadiq, Hammad bin Abi Sulaiman
Influenced:
Malik ibn Anas, Muhammad al-Shaybani, Abu Yusuf, al-Tahawi, Ahmad Sirhindi, Shah Waliullah, Ja’ far Ibn Awn, Ubaydullah Ibn Musa
Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān (Persian: ابوحنیفه‎‎,Arabic: نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان‎), also known as Imam Abū Ḥanīfah (Arabic: أبو حنيفة‎ dated 699 – 767 AD / 80 – 150 AH),[4] was the founder of the Sunni Hanafi school of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). He is also considered a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Zaydi Shia Muslims.[5] He was often called “the Great Imam” (ألإمام الأعظم, al-imām al-aʿẓam).[2]

Life

Sources and methodology Edit

The sources from which Abu Hanifa derived Islamic law, in order of importance and preference, are: the Qur’an, the authentic narrations of the Muslim prophet Muhammad (known as hadith), consensus of the Muslim community (ijma), analogical reasoning (qiyas), juristic discretion (istihsan) and the customs of the local population enacting said law (urf). The development of analogical reason and the scope and boundaries by which it may be used is recognized by the majority of Muslim jurists, but its establishment as a legal tool is the result of the Hanafi school. While it was likely used by some of his teachers, Abu Hanifa is regarded by modern scholarship as the first to formally adopt and institute analogical reason as a part of Islamic law.[12]

As the fourth Caliph, Ali had transferred the Islamic capital to Kufa, and many of the first generation of Muslims had settled there, the Hanafi school of law based many of its rulings on the prophetic tradition as transmitted by those first generation Muslims residing in Iraq. Thus, the Hanafi school came to be known as the Kufan or Iraqi school in earlier times. Ali and Abdullah, son of Masud formed much of the base of the school, as well as other personalities from the direct relatives (or Ahli-ll-Bayṫ) of Moḥammad from whom Abu Hanifa had studied such as Muhammad al-Baqir (thus apparently creating a link between Sunnis and Shias). Many jurists and historians had reportedly lived in Kufa, including one of Abu Hanifa’s main teachers, Hammad ibn Sulayman.[citation needed]

NO. 0F AHAADEETH ACQUIRED:

4,000 Ahaadeeth in which 2,000 Ahaadeeth from Imaam Hammad ( RA.)alone.

3 PROMINENT PRINCIPLES UPON WHICH IMAAM ABU HANIFAH ACCEPTED AHAADEETH:

1).Since the initial day of hearing the hadith it is remembered in its
correct form to the very time of narration.

2). The hadith must have been projected by the Holy Prophet Sallallahu
Alaihi Wasallam and narrated onwards via wholly reliable persons.

3). Any Ahaadeeth which contradicted the Qur’an or other famous Ahaadeeth
were unacceptable.

A SMALL GLIMPSE OF IMAAM ABU HANIFA’S (R.A.) TEACHERS: Aamir Ibn Shurahbeel,
Sha’abi Kufi, Alqama Ibn Marthad, Ziyaad Ibn Ilaqa, Adi Ibn Thabit, Qataada
Basri, Muhammed Ibn Munkadir Madni, Simaak Ibn Harb, Qays Ibn Muslim Kufi,
Mansoor Ibn Umar, Imam Hammad RA for 10 years etc. etc.

A SMALL GLIMPSE OF IMAAM ABU HANIFA’S (R.A.) STUDENTS: Qazi Abu Yusuf,
Muhammad Ibn Hasan, Zufar Ibn Huzayl, Hammad Ibn Abu Hanifah, Abu Ismat
Mugheera Ibn Miqsam,Yunus Ibn Is’haaq, Abu Bakr Ibn Ayyaash, Abdullah Ibn
Mubarak, Ali Ibn Aasim, Ja’ far Ibn Awn, Ubaydullah Ibn Musa etc. etc.

There is no such Surah within the Qur’an which I have not recited during
Nafl prayers.” – Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

iv). Kharija lbn Mus’ab has stated that 4 religious leaders have completed
the recitation of the entire Qur’an in one rakaah of salaah alone. Uthmaan
Ibn Affaan (RA.), Tameen Daari (RA.), Sa’eed Ibn Jubair (R. A.) and Imaam
Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

There was once acknowledgment of a stolen sheep. Imaam Abu Hanifah inquired
and researched as to how long a sheep lives. After finding out, he never ate
sheep for 7 years, fearing that the meat may be from the stolen sheep.

NO. 0F QUR’AN’S COMPLETED IN
<http://www.inter-islam.org/Miscellaneous/months.htm#Ramadaan> RAMADHAAN :
60

NO. OF PILGRIMAGES OBSERVED IN LIFETIME : 55

TRIALS & TRIBULATIONS:

Trial No.1: During the reign of Ibn Hubaira Imaam Abu Hanifah ( R.A.)
rejected his request of the post of Chief Justice. (As Imaam Sahib did not
want to collaborate with the corrupt).

Consequence of Rejection : Tormented by passing through the city mounted
upon a horse, whereby he was whipped 10 times a day for eleven consecutive
days.

Trial No.2: During the reign of Abu Jaafar Mansoor again the above request
was pledged, yet again rejected.

Consequence of Rejection No.2: Imprisoned and violently beaten.

Prolongation of Trial: Khalifa Abu Ja’far Mansoor again urged that Imaam
Sahib should reconsider. Finally, Imaam Sahib swore by Allah that he would
not accept.

Consequence: Imaam Sahib was lashed, shirtless 30 times, drawing blood that
seeped to his heels. He was again imprisoned, with restricted rations for 15
days, after which he was forcefully made to drink a poison that led to his
martyrdom.

STATE OF DEATH:In the state of prostration.

AGE & DATE OF DEATH: 70 years of age : 150 A.H. in the month of
<http://www.inter-islam.org/Miscellaneous/months.htm#Rajab> Rajab. (others
have stated <http://www.inter-islam.org/Miscellaneous/months.htm#Sha’baan>
Sha’baan and <http://www.inter-islam.org/Miscellaneous/months.htm#Shawwaal>
Shawwaal also).

BURIAL: Six <http://www.inter-islam.org/Actions/Part10.html> Janaazah
salaah were conducted in order to cater for more than

50,000 people whom had collected. His son, and only child; Hammad, lead the
last Janazah salaah

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923) wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-Tabari

Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari (874–936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna ‘an usūl al-diyāna

Ibn Babawayh (923-991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by Twelver Shia

Sharif Razi (930-977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver Shia

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver Shia

Al-Ghazali (1058–1111) wrote The Niche for Lights,[32][33] The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on Sufism

Rumi (1207-1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism

Some of Muhammad’s Companions. Taught in Medina. Taught in Iraq. Worked in Syria. Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadith

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923) wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-Tabari

Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari (874–936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna ‘an usūl al-diyāna

Ibn Babawayh (923-991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by Twelver Shia

Sharif Razi (930-977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver Shia

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver Shia

Al-Ghazali (1058–1111) wrote The Niche for Lights,[32][33] The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on Sufism

Rumi (1207-1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism

Some of Muhammad’s Companions: Taught in Medina: Taught in Iraq: Worked in Syria: Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadith

Muhammad saws (570–632) prepared the Constitution of Medina, taught the Quran, and advised his companions.

Abd Allah bin Masud (died 650) taught Ali (607-661) fourth caliph, taught Aisha RWA, Muhammad’s saws wife and Abu Bakr’s RWA daughter, taught Abd Allah ibn Abbas (618-687) taught Zayd ibn Thabit RWA (610-660) taught Umar RWA (579-644) second caliph taught Abu Hurairah RWA (603 – 681) taught
Alqama ibn Qays (died 681),  taught Husayn ibn Ali (626–680), taught Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (657-725), taught and raised by Aisha Urwah ibn Zubayr (died 713), taught by Aisha, he then taught Said ibn al-Musayyib (637-715) taught Abdullah ibn Umar (614-693) taught Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr (624-692) taught by Aisha, he then taught Ibrahim al-Nakha’i, taught Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin (659–712), taught Hisham ibn Urwah (667-772), taught Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri (died 741), taught Salim ibn Abd-Allah ibn Umar taught Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (682-720), raised and Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923), wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-Tabari

Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari (874–936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna ‘an usūl al-diyāna
Ibn Babawayh (923-991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by Twelver Shia

Sharif Razi (930-977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver Shia

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver Shia

Al-Ghazali (1058–1111) wrote The Niche for Lights,[32][33] The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on Sufism

Rumi (1207-1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism

Some of Muhammad’s saws Companions: Taught in Medina: Taught in Iraq: Worked in Syria: Travelled extensively collecting the sayings of Muhammad and compiled books of hadith taught by Abdullah ibn Umar Hammad bin ibi Sulman taught Muhammad al-Baqir (676-733), taught Farwah bint al-Qasim Abu Bakr’s great grand daughter Jafar’s mother

Abū Ḥanīfa (699 — 767) wrote Al Fiqh Al Akbar[27] and Kitab Al-Athar, jurisprudence followed by Sunni, Sufi, Barelvi, Deobandi, Zaidiyyah Shia and originally by the Fatimid and taught Zayd ibn Ali (695-740) Ja’far al-Sadiq (702–765) Ali’s and Abu Bakr’s great great grand son taught Malik ibn Anas (711 – 795) wrote Muwatta[28], jurisprudence from early Medina period now mostly followed by Sunni in Africa and taught

Al-Waqidi (748 – 822) wrote history books like Kitab al-Tarikh wa al-Maghazi, student of Malik ibn Anas Abu Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abdul Hakam (died 829) wrote biographies and history books, student of Malik ibn Anas

Abu Yusuf (729-798) wrote Usul al-fiqh Muhammad al-Shaybani (749–805) wrote Kitabrhi Al Athsr.

Al-Shafi‘i (767—820) wrote Al-Risala, jurisprudence followed by Sunni and taught Ismail ibn Ibrahim

Ali ibn al-Madini (778–849) wrote The Book of Knowledge of the Companions

Ibn Hisham (died 833) wrote early history and As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah, Muhammad’s saws biography of Isma’il ibn Jafar (719-775) Musa al-Kadhim (745-799)

Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780—855) wrote Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal jurisprudence followed by Sunni and hadith books Muhammad al-Bukhari (810-870) wrote Sahih al-Bukhari hadith books[29] Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (815-875) wrote Sahih Muslim hadith books[30] Muhammad ibn Isa at-Tirmidhi (824-892) wrote Jami` at-Tirmidhi hadith books[31] Al-Baladhuri (died 892) wrote early history Futuh al-Buldan, Genealogies of the Nobles

Ibn Majah (824- 887) wrote Sunan ibn Majah hadith book

Abu Dawood (817–889) wrote Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith Book.

Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al-Kulayni (864- 941) wrote Kitab al-Kafi hadith book followed by Twelver Shia

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838–923) wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-Tabari

Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari (874–936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna ‘an usūl al-diyāna

Ibn Babawayh (923-991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by Twelver Shia

Sharif Razi (930-977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver Shia

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver Shia

Al-Ghazali (1058–1111) wrote The Niche for Lights, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on Sufism

Rumi (1207-1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism

Abu Hanifa RA was HAFIZ & in search of Hadith for jurisprudence and an excellent debater.

NO. 0F AHAADEETH ACQUIRED:

4,000 Ahaadeeth in which 2,000 Ahaadeeth from Imaam Hammad ( RA.)alone.

3 PROMINENT PRINCIPLES UPON WHICH IMAAM ABU HANIFAH ACCEPTED AHAADEETH:

1).Since the initial day of hearing the hadith it is remembered in its
correct form to the very time of narration.

2). The hadith must have been projected by the Holy Prophet Sallallahu
Alaihi Wasallam and narrated onwards via wholly reliable persons.

3). Any Ahaadeeth which contradicted the Qur’an or other famous Ahaadeeth
were unacceptable.

A SMALL GLIMPSE OF IMAAM ABU HANIFA’S (R.A.) TEACHERS: Aamir Ibn Shurahbeel,
Sha’abi Kufi, Alqama Ibn Marthad, Ziyaad Ibn Ilaqa, Adi Ibn Thabit, Qataada
Basri, Muhammed Ibn Munkadir Madni, Simaak Ibn Harb, Qays Ibn Muslim Kufi,
Mansoor Ibn Umar, Imam Hammad RA for 10 years etc. etc.

A SMALL GLIMPSE OF IMAAM ABU HANIFA’S (R.A.) STUDENTS: Qazi Abu Yusuf,
Muhammad Ibn Hasan, Zufar Ibn Huzayl, Hammad Ibn Abu Hanifah, Abu Ismat
Mugheera Ibn Miqsam,Yunus Ibn Is’haaq, Abu Bakr Ibn Ayyaash, Abdullah Ibn
Mubarak, Ali Ibn Aasim, Ja’ far Ibn Awn, Ubaydullah Ibn Musa etc. etc.

There is no such Surah within the Qur’an which I have not recited during
Nafl prayers.” – Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

iv). Kharija lbn Mus’ab has stated that 4 religious leaders have completed the recitation of the entire Qur’an in one rakaah of salaah alone. Uthmaan Ibn Affaan (RA.), Tameen Daari (RA.), Sa’eed Ibn Jubair (R. A.) and Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

There was once acknowledgment of a stolen sheep. Imaam Abu Hanifah inquired and researched as to how long a sheep lives. After finding out, he never ate sheep for 7 years, fearing that the meat may be from the stolen sheep.

NO. 0F QUR’AN’S COMPLETED IN RAMADHAAN : 60

NO. OF PILGRIMAGES OBSERVED IN LIFETIME : 55

TRIALS & TRIBULATIONS:

Trial No.1: During the reign of Ibn Hubaira Imaam Abu Hanifah ( R.A.) rejected his request of the post of Chief Justice. (As Imaam did not want to collaborate with the corrupt).

Influenced: Zufar Ibn Huzayl, Hammad Ibn Abu Hanifah, Abu Ismat
Mugheera Ibn Miqsam,Yunus Ibn Is’haaq, Abu Bakr Ibn Ayyaash, Abdullah Ibn
Mubarak, Ali Ibn Aasim, Ja’ far Ibn Awn, Ubaydullah Ibn Musa etc. etc.

There is no such Surah within the Qur’an which I have not recited during
Nafl prayers.” – Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

iv). Kharija lbn Mus’ab has stated that 4 religious leaders have completed
the recitation of the entire Qur’an in one rakaah of salaah alone. Uthmaan
Ibn Affaan (RA.), Tameen Daari (RA.), Sa’eed Ibn Jubair (R. A.) and Imaam
Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

There was once acknowledgment of a stolen sheep. Imaam Abu Hanifah inquired
and researched as to how long a sheep lives. After finding out, he never ate
sheep for 7 years, fearing that the meat may be from the stolen sheep.

(Source: Al-kitab by Abul Hassan, Wikipedia, inter-islam & others)